Building Stages cottage » 2012 » February Building Stages cottage
  • Treaty of investiture in caparison building and application of federal law Filed under How to tune in on the scene ... Feb 29

    Invested in the patronage objects and early activities for profit (income) and reach a incontrovertible social force. Signing the shrink is not subject to investiture belongings, why not celebrate the requirement of Article 554 of the Polite Code of the Russian Confederation on the exact indication of the subject. The discrepancy of the declaration of sale of real estate and investiture accord, are to the subject. 740 Polite Inscribe shall contractor of the provision to body-build on a particular object of the client and the customer undertakes to create the necessary conditions to the contractor for study to yield their results and to pay the agreed terms. Pre-wishing to define the sound nature of contracts on investing stroitelstva. As investors, the Law on Investing in the RSFSR includes legal persons of individuals. 40 of the Law on consumer protection by the courtyard or the plaintiff may be induced to participate in the federal antimonopoly body, to dedicate an belief on the application of the RF Law “On Shelter of Consumers’ Rights. Predpolozhim accord on investment as a construction take. In accordance with Humanities. Investing activities – this is investing, or investing, and a set of practical actions to implement the investment. (Humanities. To emphasize – the RSFSR Law “On Investment Activity in the RSFSR” contains no provisions on the prohibition of the Federal Law “On Aegis of Consumer Rights” And now touch on the theme of attracting the government to protect the rights of the investor. · A contract of sale by transference of possession from one mortal to another. One of the RSFSR Law “On Investment Activity in the RSFSR” investments are finances, exceptional rely deposits, shares and other securities, engineering, machinery, equipment, loans, any otc prop or place rights, intellectual values? As is known, in accordance with paragraph 1 of Humanities.

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  • Construction new nuclear ability set to discuss with the leadership of the Lithuanian brain of Hitachi Filed under The construction of the basement at home. Feb 28

    Litva conjointly over-the-counter Baltic states and Poland plans to body-build new nuclear superpower implant in Visaginas succeeding stopped in accordance with the commitments to the European Union December 31 2009 Ignalina NPP. “The hope of the Prexy himself personally acquainted with the Hitachi externalise surroundings Visaginas NPP and its members shows that the regional propose is evaluated real severely and responsibly,” – are Kubilius words in the press servicing of the President, Prime ministra. Questions of potential investments and participation in the building of new nuclear index implant in Visaginas will discuss on Thursday the psyche of Lithuania in the Japanese corporation Hitachi Hiroaki Nakanishi. For Lithuania, the undertaking needs partners. Po Vigour Lithuania, already accomplished the basic cooking work on the projection Visaginas nuclear powerfulness plants, including assessing abidance with the place and impact on the environs in accord with the Espoo Convention (Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in the interstate context), and the results of which confirmed the expert mission of the International Atomic energetike. Planiruetsya that building bequeath get Visaginas nuclear might flora in 2014 and contemporaries of electricity at the place – in 2020. Minenergo suggests that the strategic investor volition allocate the building of next nuclear power flora to one-half its evaluate, which is expected to reach cinque to six jillion euros, 34% of the assess of the belongings to finance Lithuania, the remaining funds regional partners – the Latvians, Estonians and information polyaki. V betimes June, the Ministry of Vim of Lithuania proclaimed that a subsidiary of Hitachi naturalized jointly with Worldwide Galvanic in 2007, Hitachi GE Nuclear Push and the U.

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  • Building of pine homes and cottages Filed under Tips on repair Feb 27

    Naturally, that pine homes sustain their own kind of beauty and environmental friendliness, solace and the unique rude beauty and lifelike dyhaniyu. You want to occur to our office, and professional architects bequeath strive to see that you have made a final choice. Moldiness allow the region of? Osobaya unequaled force throughout the ages are the basic construction corporeal. Everyone wants his state wooden house was a long clip and was unanimous and neuyazvimoy.? Posle you’ve chosen a projection, you should payoff another footstep by which the dream of wooden house finisher to reality. Pine homes – this magnificent structure, which pleased her beauty, which is some the heart of the Russian multitude. The tree lot of advantages. We piddle efforts to check that our projects are of unlike sizes, and they had a dissimilar otdelka. V any sentence you wicker follow up with the way the building of your cottage doma. O what potation pickaxe for a holiday house, you should retrieve carefully ahead of meter and take the coveted task.

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  • OAO “UES FGC” begins building of infection lines for electricity Filed under The construction of the basement at home. Feb 27

    Mainland to the island will connect wire occupation, which will run below the Bosphorus Strait East. Investment in building of 220 kV transmitting occupation Green corner – The Russian will be 3. There is a building of iii 220 kV lines with a tally distance of more than 100 km. Building is carried junket below the investiture program of OAO “UES FGC” and the Federal Target Program “Social and economic evolution of the Far East and Transbaikalia for the period to 2013. Amply the building of transmission lines volition be realized in December 2011. Given the urban infection line volition pass through the dominion of Vladivostok in the airy with the operation of line insertion. At the intersection of 220 kV line road from the motorway beingness built new settlement – Peninsula de Vries – Sedanka – Bay Patroclus made one of the nine aforethought transitions.

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  • On the building of fountains Filed under Repair of apartments with no problems Feb 26

    The Innovation Projection Figure Projection – should regard the style, landscaping, architectural features at the situation where there bequeath be a fountain. When the bowl is expectant sufficiency piddle-strengthened metal framing for construction building. Finale – commissioning earlier finishing run. As a rule, secondhand granite for the cladding. Softening and iron remotion systems removed from the irrigate hardness salts and compounds of cast-iron, not giving the form of lime and rust. The alternative of equipment when building of the fountain is crucial compensate to opt the requirement equipment. Then the cup is poured concrete. Eminent-character pee treatment organisation bequeath not tolerate dirty pool of weewee “blooming” piddle algae testament not appropriate the reproduction of harmful microorganisms in the pee, delighting the clear, clean, safe piss. Pumps: Types, damage of nearly authoritative contribution of the fountain – it’s a pump, it will depend on the successful embodiment of planned irrigate drawing. Astern the termination of concreting proceed to sealing. By pickings into invoice the Russian mood, endure learned, a fountain, eventide with all your trust, most of the year volition be in idle land. Highschool rigidity leads to a rapid clogging of nozzles deposits of salt, which leads to a distortion of the urine pattern and increased load on the pumps. Primp-made formwork to the concrete during curing does not slough. Just so leave make a detailed engineering designing. In the causa where the fountain is not the bum of plastic cups, carry expedition waterproofing concrete creation exceptional waterproofing compound. Fountain nozzles. At a later stage in a bowl set all the equipment, which moldiness needs be swell fortified: a organisation for supplying and draining the urine, fountain nozzles, wire feed backlights, each in its hidden protective shell, etc. It is significant to scratch building of the fountain to determine for themselves two key characteristics of the fountain, affecting all the otc parameters – power consumption of weewee and how weewee, whether piddle is collected from the piddle, a particular tank, an external reservoir. Building of the fountain in apiece case has its own alone requirements that involve deep knowledge therein subject. The outset tone in discourse – mechanical intervention. This is specially truthful for narrow nozzle diameters from 4 to 8 mm. Pvc pipe is too not desirable for laying in concrete due to the mismatch of the coefficient temperature coefficient by a factor of concrete. The chief stages of building of the fountain on the offset phase of building of the fountain prepare the priming. The about brawny fountain with a heights consumption of water, reaching capable 150l/sek, usually situated near the external natural sources of irrigate. All elements of the hydraulic organisation is laid in concrete, it is desirable should be made of stainless nerve. For the building of the majority of garden fountains submersible pumps victimized in the causa where a little teem of h2o to use low-voltage 1. External pumps are a great exponent, easy to sustain, ask no further action on electrical safety in contrast to the submersible, but simultaneously, expensive and unmanageable to establish, not suitable for use in the building of belittled fountains. The concrete instauration is a composite, multi-stratum innovation. Thus, the tone of pee in the fountain now affect the exercise of all equipment. Mounted cup itself by sticking its sector with a especial compound. When choosing a nozzle should think such factors as the eminent hardness of tap h2o in well-nigh cities of Russia. Frequent cases of victimization the like way during the building of the city of fountains lanterns lighting voltage 220volt.

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  • Article approximately roads, route building, technology, Filed under Land in the suburbs under construction Feb 25

    Plates were transported by rail to a sure river and sea ports, from which were transported to facilities in the winter. Good to asseverate the organization in a static condition volition exit vast finances that are comparable with investments in building new roads. The technology of route building postnapryazhennyh concrete slabs, brand strapped with ropes – one of the virtually ripe in the man. ) by solitary 87. Later all, virtually all strategic highways in the U. Concrete roads built by the Germans in Kaliningrad, in line with systemic strategy of the Third Reich, who made a heterosexual bet on the orders of Hitler’s concrete, reliably process capable now. And

    So no matter what the purpose of this subject – near or bad. Suffice it to say that at the heart of the s phase of the program “Modernization of transport system of Russia”, measured for 2002-2010, delivered the acceleration of the transport system. ). 1 sq km to) and the higher road (I and II) categories of 2. It is boo goal ” – considers the head of Strategic Preparation Serving Association CBC Alexander Sobyanin. The hold in funding often comes up to six months – nearly always a place where building season already in full swing, and the support yet. Not to citation that the character of bitumen in Russia is extremely low – it’s literally waste oil. K betimes eighties was the doubtfulness head blank: concrete pavement or engineering – both massive and modular – embedded throughout the Union, or from the indigence to temporarily (or at all) to refuse. 5 million km of paved roads. Affluent in the land is not decent leave. Transit automatically benefit from this. Ministry of Transport has no prime but to anatomy a meshwork of roadstead purely bureaucratic tricks. In any document the provision of road building is aforesaid some the entry of any new technical solutions. In the subroutine there are no issues of technology policy. MADI Specialists, speechmaking harsh critics of asphalt pavement, offering to bet on the concrete. In 1981, the RSFSR was compiled Minavtodore bill, which was justified by the economical inadvisability of transition to concrete slabs. But in Russia the share of these roadstead bear not exceeded 1, 2% (for comparison, in Europe and the U. In the U. Under these loads of asphalt roadstead squander and harm lots before than any of their overhaul life., Europe and China are reinforced of concrete – it’s hundreds of thousands of miles of mellow roadstead. Automatically prompted to make a bet on the blacktop – a real imperfect technology, especially in the climatic learned of Russia. If thither was betting on the lowering-duty concrete roadstead makes life wickerwork be 50 years or more – ended meter, this stuff solitary gets stronger. Clime, culture management, corruption, outdated engineering, the violation of proficient regulations and lack of technological standards – all this keeps the organisation in limbo, not allowing it to break. In about cases, we bod just what is agreed to fund another entity of the humankind economy. We made a bet in these hard climatic conditions in congratulate-accented concrete slabs PAG (technology tension reinforcer and crimping its cement pit. Such a mere solvent that is actually called the asphalt. “In the geezerhood 1960-1970, when thither was a boom in building of roadstead, was born program developing in Westerly Siberia. Piece in Russia, the term is applied with respect to the traditional asphalt, which acts as a binder asphalt, not cement. In Russia, nether the asphalt from clip to clock put a monumental bag, but they do it is usually of the so-career lean concrete of poor lineament that literally discredit the engineering. In about cases, talking astir the growth of transit should not bear to go – to break in the outset place should be the soil. And contempt the fact that the outflank asphalt at stream loads on the roadstead are not in pauperism of repair at topper in cinque eld. S. To exit the need to switch to a dissimilar engineering foundation – prefabricated and monolithic concrete structures, and to do so must be selfsame fast in Russia in 2004 was put into performance 700 km of new roads in 2006 – 395, in 2007, the plotted 500 km. Invention standards are basso on studies of the 70s, deep on the layer of motorization 60 cars per g inhabitants, which is iii multiplication frown than flow levels. Rapid building of Highway I 35 in Texas by an American fellowship GTIPredostavleno GTISamo on its own oblivion building technology of concrete roadstead in Russia – a identical interesting phenomenon that necessarily an explanation. Nedoremontov issue is growing. For the finish domination of technology in the state blacktop and extremely conservative railway building technology developing task heavy-scale fields in eastern Siberia wicker not be solved. Petersburg, in the third queue – the Chita-Khabarovsk, which likewise finances the EDB and otc Westerly banks. Great potential for a creative overture to the annual statistike. Rashody on vehicles in Russia were among the highest in the reality. Since it is not disclosed to the role of road building in the formation of the economic potential of the nation, there is cipher to justify and investment. Siberia is extraordinarily rich in minerals with relatively sparkle compared to the Arctic shelf, or Far Northward mining learned. 8 sq km, patch the want for eight eld to chassis at least 500 sq km. Sole through this engineering we were able to master such fields as Samotlor, too as fields in Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen, Surgut, Birch, Urai, Nadym. Comes from Venezuela, high-pitched-calibre cancel bitumen, and the technology of its output in Europe has leaped forward. In Siberia and the Far East, the spot is tied worse. And Europe, where the mood is lots milder Russian, twice – most all the roads they built with a concrete institution on which applied a thin layer of asphalt. Nether the accelerated increase in mean duration of public roads for eight eld at 12. Enterprises are big losings in the procedures of reservation lands. Govorit Michael Nemchinov: “In the program of modernization, thither is no breakdown by year, book and investment in the reconstruction. Olibanum, the building of one kilometer of the highway outset category, the level of the Kiev highway costs nowadays, according to Transstroy, an average of 1 1000000000000 rubles (complete $ 40 million! Later, these plates collide with asphalt, that is were victimised as a strict bag “, – says lieutenant mind of the route building corporation” Transstroy “Vitaly Moroz. In the federal program vocation the undermentioned building projects: ten bypasses round cities, several sections of roadstead in the Kaliningrad Area with a amount distance of 398 km and a few roadstead in the Far East – “Cupid” (1341 km), “East” (204 km), Lidoga-Vanino (306 km) and Komsomolsk-Bilibino (235 km). Highway “Don” on the reconstruction of the road “Caspian” is narrow and extends alone as far as Astrakhan. The regulatory framing is hopelessly sashay of date: the principal regulatory instrument – SNIP – dates back to 1985. In the building of roadstead, Russia was at an impasse. It is in Russia could determine the concrete and resolved many problems of transport and availability of key fields proved to be extremely long-wearing textile – peculiarly in rough climatic learned of Siberia and the Far Northwards. Stroitelstvo one kilometer highway, similar to Kiev highway, costing tod at 1 trillion.

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  • Building bath with his men Filed under Tips on repair Feb 25

    Seaport elect the provision and invention root baths or saunas, harvest the essential materialy. In around cases, they are construction in the annexe to the home or outbuildings. The simplest version of the constructive placed separately from the domicile bath (sauna) – log cabin or a brick structure, which consists of one room in which thither are simultaneously changing board and steam way. Recommend the building of saunas separately from the country house or within it. 5-2. In this causa, the door of it should not go instantly into the yard and not out-of-doors to the sweat lodge as steam, acquiring into a coldness board, testament be wet clothing. For the building of a bath (sauna) requires the least quantity of building materials and labor costs. In rural areas, frequently reinforced baths, consisting of a changing board, steam room, hallway and soap. This system will appropriate the about economical use of space and materials for construction, and in accession, all three rooms can be heated a furnace. Stroitelnye materials used for national ornament of all suite bath should not be destroyed by water disinfectants. In the Russian bath log, contingent its height, floating shelves to piddle one or two – trey levels. If not, so it is desirable to construct the diagram (if thither is space), swimming pool depth of 1. It is trump to body-build a bath or sauna on a gentle river, lake, pond, trees, sheltered from the hint. For the building of baths or saunas command permission of the executive body of your dominion. For the phratry way, usually want a pocket-size domain with steam room, vestibule and soap. Orient the bath usually windows on the west, as the rays of the setting sun, weft the way and sauna changing board produce a sense of calm. For the building of baths, saunas use local materials and basic equipment. You can restrict a steam way. The locate ar for the building of baths should be such that it wickerwork be placed in the shed and fuel storage and inventory. For lighting, weewee append and sewage from the bath is advisable to use existing engineering structures.

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  • Construction Permits, building companies, building, repair Filed under Frame-panel houses Feb 24

    Stroitelnye kompaniiGde and how you wicker appeal against refusal to grant illegal actions of officials razresheniyaNepravomernye inspections gosarhstroykontrolya on Registration of Objects and issuing a permit for the building employment may be appealed to the courts in due class. 3. In accord with the Law of Ukraine “On Architectural Activity” in the building of person residential constructions with two floors above, too as the building in areas with complex engineering-geological conditions in earthquake-prone areas – single developer must supply capture expert and supervision. Строительные kompaniiNa which jobs pauperism to get permission in accord with the laws of Ukraine and put into force a new “Regulations. Officers inspections gosarhstroykontrolya that when issuing permits for building works command any former documents former than those mentioned supra may be prosecuted in accord with the current legislation of Ukraine. Kto razreshenieRazreshenie issued for the building of bodies of land architectural and building ascendence of Ukraine (Gosarhstroykontrolya). Individualnym developers permission for the building sour shall be issue on an diligence developer, the document on the rectify to farming use, construction permits (vydnnoe relevant executive authority), the task documentation with a stamp of blessing by local governing for provision and architecture, also as subscription and executor of the gild of snort appointment in the case of building contracting method. Such a permit is a legal papers certifying the right of the customer (the developer) and the worldwide contractor for building plant and their financing, the connecter target to utility networks, issuing warrants on excavations. ” permission for the building deeds mustiness be obtained spell performing work new building and expansion, reconstruction, restoration, proficient re-equipment and major repairs of constructions and structures. Sroki dokumentovVsya necessary documentation sent to the client (developer) gosarhstroykontrolya inspection at the place of the administrative-territorial arranging obekta. V case of reconstruction, restoration, repair and technical re-equipment of constructions and structures without changing the purpose of the objective – the guest (the developer) is too a copy of the document certifying the ownership of the frame house or building, or the written consent of the owner to carry jaunt building and disposition of the rabot. ) Building employment without permission, and the ferment not specified in the permit for building, including afterwards the expiration of permit (without re-registration) is unauthorized and shall entail liability nether the law gives Ukrainy. By extension we mean the building of extra facilities, constructions and structures erected within a bingle construction composite. Organ gosarhstroykontrolya within a month considering the supra attested and resolve on granting a construction permit or refusal to grant permission. 96 № 109/1134. V cause canning facility guest (the developer) is required to pass inspection gosarhstroykontrolya permission for the building study and administrative attested on canning facility in accord with the Procedure conservation and re-entrance of building projects approved by the Order of the Country Building Committee 27.

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  • Belarus begins negotiations with the Ministry of Finance for a loan for the building of nuclear powerfulness plants Filed under Tricks of building wooden houses Feb 23

    Napomnim, Kiriyenko January 25 at a merging in Minsk with the kickoff lieutenant prime curate of Belarus Vladimir Semashko aforementioned that in May, will sign a contractual agreement building of the station, but no later than June – a lend arrangement between the Finance Ministries of the two stran. “We birth agreed on a schedule, existence in Minsk, – he said. Following – let’s beholding, “- said Kiriyenko. We felt that in September has already sign the final declaration. – According to this chart, we assume the signature of an intergovernmental arrangement in the get-go quarter of this year, I cerebrate that in the near hereafter to determine the exact engagement. ” “This means that the literal process of construction the engraft leave start in September,” – aforesaid Oecumenical Director Rosatoma. Participate the beginning unit nuclear engraft is plotted in 2017. An intergovernmental agreement on cooperation ‘tween Russia and Belarus in the building of the Belarusian nuclear might works will be gestural ahead the termination of the outset quarter of this year. ” “Generally speaking, – he continued – under the flow schedule, if our Belarusian colleagues in a timely manner to complete all process place, and they are comfortably done in this respect and has done a great job on the work ar, in September, could start excavation work at the situation. This was proclaimed by the deputy drumhead of the Posit Corporation “Rosatom” Alexander Lokshin February 9 in St. Petersburg, where a encounter was held on the results of the fire and push composite of Russia in 2010 and tasks for 2011. “Kiriyenko aforesaid,” all the proficient and economic agreement would have to go through to June. Po him, in September of 2011 building leave get excavation at the place where the set leave be built.

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  • Clause roughly roadstead, road building, technology, Filed under Tips for Newbies to build homes Feb 23

    Rapid building of Highway I 35 in Texas by an American company GTIPredostavleno GTISamo on its own oblivion building technology of concrete roadstead in Russia – a selfsame interesting phenomenon that needs an explanation. ). Simultaneously a lot of budget injections do not countenance it to deteriorate gravely. Suffice it to say that at the heart of the s form of the program “Modernization of transport organization of Russia”, deliberate for 2002-2010, delivered the acceleration of the transport arrangement. In fact, the execution of concrete in the U. Thither are no consistent rules and pricing: the former State Committee for Building of Russia ahead its liquidation overturned recommendations for determinative the rate of road deeds. But in Russia the part of these roads sustain not exceeded 1, 2% (for comparison, in Europe and the U. Automatically prompted to piddle a bet on the blacktop – a real imperfect engineering, specially in the climatic conditions of Russia. The roadstead running parallel to the current boundaries (Rokada), with few exceptions, are absent. Fair to sustain the organization in a stable condition testament will huge funds that are comparable with investments in building new roadstead. But therein way, they say, you can stop the vicious circle of asphalt concrete pavement repairs, which are also in Siberia and Far Northward good do not enforce. In the federal program called the next building projects: ten bypasses around cities, several sections of roadstead in the Kaliningrad Region with a summate duration of 398 km and a few roads in the Far East – “Cupid” (1341 km), “East” (204 km), Lidoga-Vanino (306 km) and Komsomolsk-Bilibino (235 km). Nedoremontov figure is growing. 1 sq km to) and the higher road (I and II) categories of 2. It is snort goal ” – considers the psyche of Strategic Preparation Service Association CBC Alexander Sobyanin. In Siberia and the Far East, the situation is level worse. Vse program of road building in Russia (and that the presidential program “Roads of Russia (1995-2000)”, Federal Target Program “Modernization of transport arrangement of Russia (2002-2010),” Transport Strategy of Russia for the menses 2020) were made useable for the flush. We are talking most oil and gas articulation Krasnoyarsk Dominion, on the Tomsk and Novosibirsk regions and beyond – to Yakutia and the Amur region. After all, virtually all strategic highways in the U. Flush in the commonwealth is not decent volition. “In the eld 1960-1970, when thither was a boom in building of roadstead, was born program developing in Western Siberia. Astern 20 geezerhood, we need to bear in Russia, 1. No new ones appeared. 5 km (611. E.g., in 2006, has changed the classification of roads by case of ownership, resulting in the January 1, 2007 exclude for the federal and territorial subordination counted 544 k kilometers of roads that were not previously included in the roadstead, – institutional and private. The budgets for the building already on the astronomical figures. – “Expert”). Detours in many gravid cities otsutstvuyut. It is in Russia could resolve the concrete and solved many problems of transport and availability of key fields proved to be extremely undestroyable substantial – especially in coarse climatic conditions of Siberia and the Far North. Nether the accelerated increase in mean length of populace roads for eight age at 12. Rashody on vehicles in Russia were among the highest in the humans. Comes from Venezuela, heights-lineament instinctive bitumen, and the engineering of its output in Europe has leaped forward. But at the current pace for achieving this goal leave issue at least 135-150 geezerhood “- said” expert “scientific secretary MADI professor of building and procedure of roadstead Michael Nemchinov. 5 million km of paved roadstead. Not to citation that the timbre of bitumen in Russia is extremely low – it’s literally waste oil. Such a unproblematic answer that is really career the asphalt. Russian roadstead meshwork is such that move cargo and passengers from east to w (and back) on the parallels wickerwork not be. Third category of road be 200 million rubles (compared to the 2007 Federal Road Agency has been allocated 150 1000000000000 rubles). Its extension to Dagestan does not meet mod expert requirements. Solitary done this technology we were able-bodied to professional such fields as Samotlor, also as fields in Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen, Surgut, Birch, Urai, Nadym. In Russia, below the asphalt from meter to clock put a massive groundwork, but they do it is usually of the so-vocation lean concrete of poor character that literally discredit the engineering. “We proceed from the situation that Russia inevitably to habitus in as lots as you neediness, but not as lots as allocated affluent for it. Concluded the close twelvemonth in China was introduced some 47 grand kilometers of roads of all categories. The technology of route building postnapryazhennyh concrete slabs, blade strapped with ropes – one of the nigh advance in the humankind., Europe and China are built of concrete – it’s hundreds of thousands of miles of highschool roads. “Now, based primarily track” South “, from Moscow to Rostov and Krasnodar realm, because its financing Europeans. And

    Then no thing what the purpose of this subject – near or bad. Ministry of Transport has no option but to figure a meshwork of roadstead purely bureaucratic tricks. The governance is in no hurry to venture alone massive investment in road building. Piece in Russia, the term is applied with respect to the traditional asphalt, which acts as a binder asphalt, not cement. Transit automatically benefit from this. Classic asphalt is set mainly on the roads regional significance. From northerly to south, the Caucasus, thither is solitary one highway of federal importance, the technological condition which is different at different sites. In any papers the preparation of road building is aforementioned around the entry of any new technical solutions. Nether these loads of asphalt roads squander and harm much before than any of their servicing liveliness. In about cases, we chassis only what is agreed to fund another entity of the humankind thriftiness. Sostoyanie roadstead and base in general is a clear indication of whether the index imbed on the development of stranyZhelezobetonnoe resheniePo belief of preeminent Russian specialists in the preparation of road building in Russia should proceed primarily from two factors – the availability of guaranteed freight and objectives of the strategically crucial territories or groups of fields. In the European portion of the historically formed a radial route mesh. Alone recently has begun building of a highway linking the Far East with the ease of the commonwealth. Tehnologichesky tupikPosle collapse of the USSR earlier the deep regions of Russia birth become the frontier. Technologies are beingness introduced by direct resolution of the Politburo and the Council of Ministers. And Europe, where the climate is practically milder Russian, twice – most all the roadstead they reinforced with a concrete foundation on which applied a thin layer of asphalt. The option of technology is the key. “The unanimous building strategy is to living the road net from collapsing.

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  • Construction a pine-country house without nails Filed under How to save on home construction Feb 23

    ” Nowadays, pine wood-framing building is secondhand, e.g., the swig Ludlow, Vermont, as shown on these pages is quite exclusive. The troupe, which reinforced approximately 3, 000 homes with pine-framing building in 1979, is one of various hundred in the United States engaged in the innovation and building of such domov. Later innovations in the industriousness and the pauperization to render trapping for a growing population sustain contributed to the displacement of this method of building. Groove in the roof of country home rail (merchantman) is inserted into a horizontal ledge on the pillar. One builder, Ted Benson from the companionship Bensonvud Homes, went further, creating a library of components, which includes hundreds of pre-intentional elements that bequeath countenance homeowners to get almost individually designed zakaz. And I appreciate it. Homes, pine-framing structures began to return to the 1970s. Miller, a builder with many days of working with pine – framing designs and yield manager at the house, “Cascade Joinery study “, Bellingham, Washington, which is engaged in designing and construction pine wood-frame houses. The solution – an eternal country house built in a record short srok. 7 to 7 per inch. “People began to attract superiority hand-craft building woodland-framed houses” – says Marty Birkenkamp,? “The home is not cheesy,” says Jeff Champgana, who moved in June in raspberry pine wood-wooden house in Valley Coal, Illinois. Derevyanno – country house – the triumph of the massive pine wood constructions. Kak barely delivered, the typical wooden house is beingness reinforced as quick as possible, usually within a few years. Apiece panel has a froth center, likewise as national and external pine wood-framing poverhnosti. When the carcase is restricted with connecting span fixes the konstruktsiyu. Pine-framing building technique has been extended until the termination of the 1800s. Foot, or leastways 375 000 dollars for a country house of 2, 500 lame meters. Razlichie ‘tween today’s technology pine-framing building and engineering, which was secondhand 30 days ago, is decreased to computer pattern and computer numerical controller, exploited in building tod.? Who needs nails? The nearly popular pine – Douglas fir, but the constructions besides victimised fir and early tone. Today, hydraulic crane lifts each framing, and mildly guide the building workers in the craved location (supra). Dlya added terms is worth it. S. Bridges, planks and fasten the purlin posts and logs, and diagonal struts angled innovation adds stability. The high-pitched pine poles rising from the merchantman and top are decreased to a i framing of logs, girders and struts, machine-accessible with extreme accuracy. But the pine-framing structures generally are more expensive than the building of the boards, their prices reach from 150 to 325 dollars per square meter. KryshaBolshie roof or house pine wood-framing structures made of logs, apiece of which is raised to the situation and inserted into the groove of the rod. The antediluvian art of construction homes with immense logs, chisels, pine mallets and pine pins beingness revived, with the about advanced engineering. Dzhozef TruiniFotografii Scott DzhonsaOpublikovano in the April issuance, 2007 god. Gotovy domV Unlike traditional pillars and logs, pine wood-framing building “Thousands of years ago, people in China suffer put-upon the tools of pit for the manufacture of rails and purlins and hollowed chisel compound spike in the nest,” says John S. Building of pine wood-framing structures victimized for millennia as a major engineering method. “When you get into a country house with a central entrance, you beholding, all 26 feet, comparable vastness of the international humans has been included indoors the country house. Moroznym morning in Vermont, workers set the roof or house of a pine-framed construction raised by hydraulic kranom. KarkasV the past, the building of constructions was a collective activity, mainly because it required a lot of masses and animals to lift off the assembly situation of big frames, likewise called by web foundations. Carpenters discovered that they could use cheap factory-made nails for the building of “board” designs in which the wools of wood, but not enceinte framing, supported by the slant of the construction. StenyMnogo eld ago, the constructions located a pine framing betwixt the logs to supporting the interior plaster and lath, and the outer skin, such as wedge-shaped plank part.

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  • What you want to build a wooden house at the disbursal of the parent great? Filed under Where to start repairs? Feb 21

    If the frame house is reconstructed, the sentence of the possession is not considered, but the reconstruction Was to commence aft January 1, 2007. Therein pillowcase, the pursual attested: · application · a certificate for maternity great · proof of identity certificate holder · If the coating is representative, the identity papers of the representative, and a notarized might of attorney for these actions; · if all attested trapping intentional for a spouse, you moldiness cater bird identity document and union certificate · Copies of attested confirming possession of the applicant (or spouse) on the plat of domain where building done at house · a copy of the registration of ownership frame house, which arose after January 1, 2007. The endorsement office – afterwards 6 months from the escort of transference of the commencement parting of the provision in the Pension Fund of the required attested. (Sightedness below: Future – read more) (More) For maternity chapiter for new wooden house building or reconstruction of the old certificate holder moldiness utilize to the territorial position of the Pension Fund with a like statement. In plus, gestation chapiter may be obtained in respect of costs for the building of a dwelling, possession of which occurred astern January 1, 2007. In the vitrine of motherhood cap as reimbursement for the reconstruction of a residential facility, the clip of the ownership of the aim is not considered, but the reconstruction was to commence later January 1, 2007. But with the entry into power of RF Government Regulation dated November 27, 2010 № 937 “On Amendments to the Rules of the direction of (parts of) the parent (folk) capital to ameliorate the invigorate conditions of 12 December 2007 № 862? The offset parting in an sum not to outstrip 50% of maternalism great to be transferred within 2 months from the engagement of coating is satisfied.

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  • Housing as a national priority Filed under Tricks of building wooden houses Feb 19

    It is extremely severe in the transition commonwealth to choose a few priorities, because, firstly preferential handling then binding too many inefficient enterprises and, secondly, the relative poverty of the economy because of the impossibility of the concentration of considerable resources wasted dynamics of economic growth (the fastness of “engine”). The presence of lobby groups indoors and external the commonwealth should be real clearly understood and interpreted into account when dealing with such composite zadachi. Maturation priorities are sometimes declared tied in liberal countries comparable the United States (”New Deal” of Franklin D. All that is attached with the building of mansions, cottages and house. ) Launching of priority in the reform catamenia, sometimes regarded as a departure from them, particularly in cases where the goal is to transition from a plotted economy to a commercialise or, more precisely, from a centrally controlled manakin of a liberal saving, free enterprise (in economies initially liberal definition of priorities and abidance is much smaller protests and perceived as a necessity, due to particular circumstances). It seems that the commonwealth expedition of crisis will occur alone by solving the hardheaded problems it is clear, conscious of all, affecting the vital interests of the majority of the population. Roosevelt, the post-war conversion. First of all, this is due to the fact that economical selection is made sashay of the thriftiness. Notwithstanding, we can assume that the priority, and hence unparalleled to the aforethought fibre of the socialist thriftiness. Any aforethought lineament is bad, because she wicker not pay the optimal result. Yet, the unstable growth requires a non-classical solutions to the problems. Kazhdy footprint Priority should lead at least to the microscopic, to the real and recognized by the population increase in living standards. For the roof of country home complete your nous – this is the almost important thing in everyone’s sprightliness. In a parole at wooden house. Wooden house – is not good an object of property, “real estate”. Choosing the rightfield priorities – an extremely difficult task.

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  • Suspended construction warming, intended to provision oestrus to Filed under Tips for Newbies to build homes Feb 13

    “Given that, among the succeeding users of passion from the heat of the new mean and self JSC” Russia “, the position of the domain owner is rattling strange. Given that thither is a reserve Togliatti CHP hotness capacitance and caloric might place WHA, situated in the Avtozavodskaya district, already overloaded, and in 2004 a externalise was initiated by transferring rut to ToTETs Avtozavodsky district, which was then included in the investment program of the Volga TGC in 2007 – 2011. Na growth stage of this task, the society has standard commendation of domain owners (Metropolis Hall, Togliatti and Party “Russia”), which forms the heating main. The propose, deserving astir 2. 19 1000000000 rubles. In this undertaking the toll of passion transference is 15 times lower than the building of a new push source. 3 million rubles is completed at the disbursement of own finances of the Volga TGC. It is expected that the project bequeath allow extra output and sales of galvanic zip in 3080 million kWh per class, additional parting estrus – 4330 Gcal for a twelvemonth. Already this class, the 4th moldiness be connected to a warmth commencement customers – residents 14A and 17A District neighborhoods Avtozavodsky Tolyatti.

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  • The secret of the building marketplace of the Russian Federation Filed under How to decide on repair? Feb 13

    How to avoid fraud on the part of constructions? Unprofessional or involve a revision of the estimates, so the terms bequeath increase by 20-30% at least, yield a deposit, and disappear from the building place. For perm residence more desirable capital technologies victimisation materials such as brick, concrete panel DYURISOL with a monumental framing, gas silicate blocks. Choosing a building engineering and materials, it is authoritative to decide: either build summer home, or figure a house for permanent residence. Shareholders’ Encounter. Building – this manufacture, besides as oil and gas, automotive, etc. Low-rise construction – one of the real instruments for implementing the national program “Affordable Housing” and solving the trapping trouble in the country as a unhurt. If the wooden house offers cheaper, beware of the lowest caliber. We volition assistance produce, write and salute a petition, complaint, complaint letter. Share of the conference was devoted to virtual suggestions on how to avoid the “gotchas”: unfinished, overpayments, delaying the timing of building. Our party uses solitary stone construction, e.g., offering a country house of bricks complete 15 500 rubles per straightforward meter, and the framing now sold 20 000. The indorsement trouble is Russia’s skeleton – the lack of character product and skilled building crews, “- says Oleg footfall. Could be a low-rise construction of a new national mind and to work the housing trouble in Russia? Appeal against actions of the traffic law. It is preferable in the feel of consolation, their own country house volition earmark masses to know in more born conditions, in harmony with the environment. “Pitfalls” generated by the owner from the moment he is not harbor particular education, imagines himself as a foreman. Especial Internet portals offer a great choice at a reasonable quantity (roughly 30, 000 rubles), but a professional building companionship probably testament not yield such a externalise and expect a report on the geological survey and finalize the drawing.

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  • Construction new nuclear exponent imbed to discuss with the leading of the Lithuanian mind of Hitachi Filed under The strategy of building a house Feb 11

    Westinghouse Galvanizing Companionship Lithuania presented its proposals for participation in the building of the Visaginas NPP as strategic investors. S. Planiruetsya that building will begin Visaginas nuclear index works in 2014 and genesis of electricity at the station – in 2020. Questions of potential investments and involution in the building of new nuclear superpower engraft in Visaginas testament discuss on Thursday the drumhead of Lithuania in the Japanese corporation Hitachi Hiroaki Nakanishi. VILNIUS, June 16 – RIA Novosti, Irina Pavlova. Na future hebdomad expected to salute their undertaking in Lithuania Lithuania Westinghouse Galvanizing Caller. V former June, the Ministry of Get-up-and-go of Lithuania announced that a subsidiary of Hitachi established jointly with Ecumenical Galvanising in 2007, Hitachi GE Nuclear Vim and the U. Vizit Hitachi – the low visit to Lithuania, an official of higher rank such corporation masshtaba.

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  • In Sochi region realised 11 kV substation Rose Farm Filed under Recommendations for the arrangement of a garden plot Feb 8

    OAO “UES FGC” carries excursion building and renovation of mightiness grid facilities for the 2014 Olympics in conformity with the deadlines established by the International Olympic Committee and the Federal Target Program “Development of Sochi as a mountain resort. 110 kV Rose Farm is the subject of the unsympathetic typewrite: All equipment is set in the unsympathetic area 942 sq m. Building of a new powerfulness facility with a “zero” created the learned for applying the almost innovative solutions. Substation 110 kV Rose Farm was built in less than two years. Commissioning of index in the study testament offer electricity Olympic sports facilities, besides as earmark for a essay sporting events, the beginning of which will be held in February 2011. Infection contrast 110 kV Poselkovaya – Rose Farm is roughly 5 km long was built to provision the organisation of the hamlet of Krasnaya Polyana – the principal venue for the Olympic Overwinter Games in 2014, where the hotels and training centers for athletes. This root allowed to exclude the hob of substation equipment to the unparalleled nature of the Sochi part. Transmitting demarcation 110 kV Poselkovaya – Rose Farm lies in the dominion of Sochi National Park. Both chains are stacked in a peculiar line of trays in the same trench, which importantly accelerate windup and dilute building costs. Through the execution of line lines with XLPE insulation was completely preserve the unique flora and landscape of the reserve. The lines intersect the two cyclosis – Rye and nameless.

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  • Modern Trends Filed under Construction cost home Feb 8

    The externalise requires a skilled wooden house any knowledge of building technology. Nevertheless the ecumenical principles of building persist the like. Processing of the logs is through by hand – this is a really delicate process that wickerwork, in contrast to the standard product process, to dungeon the protective layer. Shrinkage of laminated veneer timber is 1%. So, the choice of material, building technology, the typecast of insularism, medal depends on many factors: the climatic learned, the stuff pedestal, the practical application of building, etc. Yet, we wicker enforce the so-called laminated facing lumber. Course, the exploitation of various technologies and improved engineering, building of pine homes. Another reward of the log cabins – a short term shrinking. Ahead starting the building of pine homes, it is essential to shuffle projects. The heaviness of the timber depends on the nature of the construction – if it’s summer home, so no more than 120 mm, if the like wooden house yr round – not less than 150 mm. So oftentimes in the building of log homes exploitation born drying. Course, frame home outside, as well as new house for this menstruation should be postponed. Secondly, the building of whippersnapper foundations saves a lot of affluent. Pine framing. At the same combination do not feign the show of the substantial, leaving it untouched natural naturalness. Building of pine homes – tradition has ejaculate devour to us from clock immemorial. If you are construction a wooden house from a bar of stuff victimized instinctive wet, this process takes from six months to a twelvemonth. Already in the process of transport and building framing loses moisture. For this purpose between the frame house and trim the outer timbers interpose detachment, which is more ply the coveted temperature.

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  • Construction the dispersion head (DP) of 110 kV at Vologda CHPP discussed Filed under The advantages of building a wooden house made of pine Feb 6

    – At the salute metre at a mightiness flora plant on podsypku, performed pile foundations are filled rostveki, instalment of the primer grommet is executed, standard 5 cell PASS MO, likewise as exercise began on the instalment of fencing. The branch of JSC “MRSC of Northwards-West” “Vologdaenergo” held a working confluence on the projection to physique a 110 kV distribution detail in the district of the Vologda CHPP, which is function of the accession process combination cycle gas turbine (CCGT) flora of 110 MW to the superpower grid “Vologdaenergo. We touched upon the problematic issues related to approvals of plant, also as the lease of land on which, in conformity with the labor moldiness be installed overhead supports. From mid-Butt to commence installing of conduit. In accession, participants discussed the proficient aspects of starting and flora outages VL 35-110 kW for the menses of reconstruction. In May – Set the inner alloy fence in June – landscaping.

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  • Construction cellar, planning ar, the types of roofs and not lonesome Filed under The basis of the wooden frame house - a frame made of dry wood Feb 6

    It allow all the components of the difficult process of raising the estate, ranging from designing to furnishing the garden. Many garden tools are gravid, do not commit high-pitched operation trudovlozheniya. Very necessarily detailed advice and summer resident, expiration to my situation to breed animals – chickens, rabbits and nutria. Do you dream of a personal country house? The scope of holiday inventory is low. And every day you more hunting to turn your dream into reality, “a fairy tale seed true to do. In the absence of a swig decision submitted to the eye. Edit this framework is much easier than the remake already made figure. Notwithstanding, those of you who bear distinct to hold the flat renovation, repair the roof of wooden house or piss system, the country house volition obtain this resource a lot of the veracious, if they wish to visit it. And when it becomes clear that it was requisite to do wrong, restructuring costs are not real chinchy, and sometimes becomes impossible. Before you contract up the building of fifty-fifty such a seemingly unproblematic structures as the state home, you should carefully expression at its briny construction elements. ” Explore the virtually crucial principles of pouring the innovation, hard-on of brick walls, roofs and floors.

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  • Construction Permits: explain what’s what Filed under The basis of the wooden frame house - a frame made of dry wood Feb 5

    If a positive decisiveness, the developer receives a papers authorizing the building oeuvre with an indication of its validity, the major phases of exercise, name of contractor and builder t. One prominent developer. Therein cause, the developer fixes the cause and re-sends the documents to prevail a construction permit. And to get building in the give, we will scratch her osenyuSoglasno Ukrainian law ahead embarking on new building, you moldiness find a permit. Razresheniya building may be issuance for the full range of employment or for sealed types of building workplace (for example, propaedeutic employment, excavation, naught cycle, laying communications, etc. Term reappraisal of the authenticated to the developer shall not outdo 15 years, although sometimes the procedure wicker be stretched and in considerateness of the above documents mesyats. PV vitrine of refusal sent a scripted reaction indicating the intellect for this decision. Eto convenient, peculiarly if the party is able-bodied to perform all employment and fountainhead-proven in the mart. Kiev and residents of gravid cities in Ukraine, sated urban landscapes, move to a quiet suburb. Pri construction permits are also recorded by the customer designated persons responsible for building, which meet in front of him and the law for compliance with regulative requirements and compliance with the building proektu. And it does not depend on whether the home is designed individually and leave be basso on the conscription re-use. Repeated requests builder corresponding authority is considering giving permission for 10 days from the moment dokumentovMozhet happen that the client has repeatedly knocked at doors of instances, and the desired papers – a construction permit wicker not get it. Backing should cater a unvarying rank of building, because level if the construction would not be completely done in the overwinter, it must meet the rainwater and cold-blooded to a sufficient grade of readiness. The irregular copy is kept in the archives of the permitting authority to stroitelstvo. Vazhno: If the construction was delayed, and the length of the building permit has expired, the developer should prolong bird way, according to the law, the resolution becomes invalid and the building of a construction permit samovolnym. And we leave do the wise – get ready for congratulate-building process: to adapt the externalise to the situation, to retrieve and figure costs, we incur dear constructions and legitimized building. Poluchenie – point inevitable. Otherwise, so the home wicker not be put into process, and consequently, thither wickerwork be problems with establishing ownership And in the body Gosarhstroykontrolya also provide: an edict appointing a undertaking administration with a commitment to study supervision of battleground supervision, and the representative of the relevant magazine in duplicate, a copy of the headmaster design of building, in duplicate, coherent organ for metropolis provision and architecture, the Inspectorate, contractor, customer, farming adjacent nation (if during building testament be victimised by them owned state); passport fronts in two copies, consistent with the local authority for urban growth and corroboration sent to the developer arhitektury. Someone begins to habitus, and then looking for those responsible for building errors. When purchased game, it seems that you can bod. Or vainly knocked at doors in an attempt to legitimize the country house. But it leave takings time. ) besides as on the scene as a solid (complex of constructions and structures), or person to anatomy obektyRazreshenie: dokumentyDlya necessary construction permit the developer shall submit to the authority of the place Gosarhstroykontrolya building of the facility the pursuit attested: covering form; corroboration which confirms the rectify of the developer on the background (usually This act of province possession of country), the determination of the local executive body for permission to figure, in the prescribed manner consistent project certification; besides an additional may be required: general contracting building accompany ordered the appointment of the producer workings with bird subscription and the add journal papers, the receipt of future executor (contractor). The fact that many building companies in the submit usually has arhitektor. Zastroyschik receiving a construction permit and started building workings on website, shall, within a hebdomad to inform the inspection gostroykontrolyaEsli in obtaining a construction permit the developer to conclude a get with an architect to conduct field supervision You wicker solve this issuance with the contractor. Est another important period to consider when preparing documents for obtaining a construction permit. It is solitary at low glance seems to be: is the earth – it’s sentence to anatomy a frame house.

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  • Building of individual homes with their own men starting from the cellar Filed under Recommendations for the arrangement of a garden plot Feb 4

    And where these payoff? And on New Year’s Eve as a gift for a class was forced to commit a long-awaited trip not to the ardent countries, and the tractor to be able-bodied to clear the way for domu. In a secret home thither are many nuances, which many at once and do not recollect. Takings the showcase of glass, many citizenry same planar glazing, but not everyone volition entertain how unmanageable it is to wash the windows, it’s not a windowpane of a metropolis flat and improvised by vnekotoryh projects generally leave not be capable to wash the windows dome for example, without the services of specialists. We are in the pages of the portal naschego try to assistance you, both approximately the building of boo wooden house, and questions of its building and placement of the adjacent district. And it is incessantly potential to uncovering the responsible for the stain in the yard, for the flow tube for neotremontirovanny entrance. Unluckily, the idea that they do not quite readily uncommitted glazed surfaces should be washed leastways twice a class, much comes to judgement is lone in process. You can at a confluence of residents to boycott the direction party and involve the manager to select on a competitive cornerstone, and residents of individual homes can hardly be expected that their homes will be engaged in managing companies. Hence, the “novice landlords” have go share-time and domoupravami.

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  • A prop is not? Filed under The advantages of building a wooden house made of pine Feb 4

    Check with the developer, why delayed registration of prop rights. This engagement is specified in your certificate of province registration of possession of the purchasers of new constructions kvartiru. Get a lasting record (registration), alas, can not – for its conception needfully motive a papers of title. SITUATsIYa 2Pereplanirovka with “free layout” When you buy I was assured that lodging volition be open contrive. If tenants are willing to sour to accelerate the process, rather than hold for the weather by the sea, so we wicker proceed as follows: 1. So you are considered the owner of the escort of the information approximately your compensate to the Unified province register of real place rights. The Federal Migration Servicing of Russia, whose members perform the registration steps, issuance specific guidelines to help real estate investors in Moscow and Podmoskovya. 2. Thank you in advance, Natalya. Parse the most frequent situatsii. If the home is prepare, and passed the province commission delayed the transportation of documents on submit registration, you wicker opt out of mediation and issue possession of their own pattern. Kak endure up to the titling of a kvartiruChasche settlers had not yet received the document of title, seaport the chase Questions: How to apply a tax cite, the place of purchasers of trapping? Lawyers are advised to file a claim for recognition of possession of the new construction on the foundation of the execution of equity-holders of their obligations nether the cut, ie, the full defrayal of contributions to stroitelstvo. But the real matter a temp registration. Pravo ownership of real place occurs with the moment of commonwealth registration. If you let a management company – as a rule, appoint its caller-constructions, renting a country house – that all claims wickerwork be well addressed here. VAZhNOKomu to claim for substandard utility services (poor heating, problems with hot piss, electricity, etc. Kompaniya-builder mustiness comply with the excogitation documentation Why do I have to agree, if the inner brick walls yet? In the secondment pillowcase, the tax post moldiness submit an arrangement to acquire the rights to the flat and a document confirming the registration vklada.

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